Brutus EID MAR - This Ancient Roman Coin Commemorates the Assassination of Caesar:

One of the most famous coins of all time is this EID MAR "denarius" issued by Marcus Junius Brutus in 43/42 BC.

When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon, he threw Rome into more than three years of civil war, eliminating his opponents along the way. In 49 BC, many leading citizens, including some sixty Roman Senators, had come to see Caesar as a power-grabber who wanted to make himself king. This was an unacceptable situation for men like Brutus, who wished to retain their beloved Republic.

Brutus, who was a trusted friend of Caesar's, conspired with a group of his fellow senators to assassinate Caesar. This group of conspirators called themselves the Liberators. They believed that they would liberate the Roman Republic from the threat of tyranny by a monarch, if they could remove Julius Caesar from rule.

In 44 BC, on the 15th day of March, a day known in the Roman calendar as the Ides of March (EID MAR), Brutus and his co-conspirators struck. Using daggers they had hidden beneath their tunics, they flew at Caesar in a hail of knife blows, stabbing him at least 30 times. When Caesar realized his good friend Brutus was among his attackers, he asked, "Et tu, Brute?" ("You, too, Brutus?") As Caesar lay dead on the steps of the portico, Brutus jubilantly shouted, "People of Rome, we are once again free!"

This sentiment did not prevent him, however, from placing his own portrait on the coin, like a Hellenistic monarch and like Caesar himself did shortly before his death!

The reverse of the EID MAR, or Ides of March, Denarius depicts two daggers and a liberty cap, along with the inscription EID MAR.