The Colony of Connecticut

1614. Dutch navigator Adriaen Block explores Connecticut.

1632. Edward Winslow of Plymouth Colony explores the region.

1633. The Dutch build Fort Good Hope at Hartford. William Holmes establishes post at Windsor.

1635. Massachusetts Bay colonists settle at Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield. John Winthrop, Jr.,

builds fort at Saybrook.

1637. Pequot Indians massacre settlers at Wethersfield; colonists defeat them in Pequot War.

1638. Theophilus Eaton and Rev. John Davenport establish settlement at Quinnipiac (New Haven).

1639. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, "the first constitution," adopted by Windsor, Hartford, and


1662. Charles II grants charter to Connecticut, combining New Haven Colony and Connecticut Colony. Considerable autonomy was given to the colony by this charter.

1664. John Colt builds first ship in New London.

1665. Hartford becomes colonial capital.

  1. Andros, named governor of New England, demands that Connecticut's charter be


The document is then hidden in an oak tree [The Charter Oak] by the citizens of Hartford.

A Charter Oak Avenue monument marks the historic tree's site.

1689. James II overthrown by William and Mary. Connecticut resumes its charter government, claiming that it was still valid as it was never siezed.