The first printing of theThe Ten Commandmentsfrom theThe Gutenberg Bible
"Pause for a while, for you look - and it may be for the first time - upon an actual page of the Gutenberg Bible, the most precious piece of printing in the world"
Prior to the 1450's, the only written records.....and indeed the only written record of the Ten Commandments.....was a page handwritten by a scribe. Such a page was beyond the affordability of the average person and in fact, quite useless to the average person as such a person did not know how to read.
The Commandments are the obligations revealed by God to Moses on Mount Sinai and engraved on two stone tablets.
Commandments 6 thru 9 are very short and concise ("Thou shall not murder"....."Thou shall not steal"...). It is believed that the other commandments were originally as short, but later expanded for clarification. The last commandments "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor's house." was expanded slightly (by Moses?!) between the time God originally spoke them and the time Moses gave The Commandments to the people. The phrase "Your neighbor's house." was changed to "Your neighbor's house or land.", presumably because the people were about to become landowners.
The form of The Commandments are strikingly similar to international treaties written long before the birth of Moses. Usually these treaties bound a weaker nation and it's king to a stronger nation and it's king, primarily for protection.